The Promontory of Monte Argentario is the ideal environment for butterflies and moths particular due to a mild climate throughout the year and an unspoilt environment, rich in specific plants that form the larval diet.
The most common lepidoptera are the Old World swallowtail (Papilio machaon), and the Two-tailed Pasha or Foxy Emperor (Charaxes jasius).
Among the rarest are: the Southern Festoon (Zerynthia polyxena); the Death's-head Hawk (Acherontia atropos) with its wings representing the shape of a skull; and the Giant Peacock Moth (Saturnia pyri), the Europe's biggest moth with a wingspan of 16 centimeters.
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